Oushak rugs (also spelled Usak or Ushak) originated in the small town of Oushak in west central Anatolia, which is about 310 miles south of Istanbul, Turkey. Oushak rugs have long been known for their beauty and elegance. These were the favored rugs of the Ottoman Empire. Oushak rugs are known for their use of silky wool. Goat wool is often used in the weaving of the rugs. Oushak rugs were extremely popular beginning in the 15th century, although the rugs were probably made before that time. Of all the Turkish rugs made, no other was made in such quality and quantity over such a long period of time as Oushak rugs.
Oushak has been a production center of Turkish rugs since the 15th century and today these beautiful area rugs are in high demand. Prior Oushak rugs were woven by nomads for their necessities of life. After the design revolution took place in the late 15th century, area rugs began to be produced in Oushak for commercial purposes due to easy access to superb wool and natural dyes. Oushak rugs produced in Turkey remain in very high demand due in large part to their excellent quality. They tend to be more coarsely woven than any other rugs. The foundations & the pile of Oushak rugs are Wool. Oushak carpets are all double knotted for durability. The designs on Oushak carpets are typically based on geometric motifs.